The pandemic reached the traditional National Holidays in Mexico City, which this year will not have a face-to-face audience, but virtual.
For the first time since 1847, in the capital there will be no festivals, dances or mass ceremonies on the occasion of Independence, as the 16 mayors agreed to suspend them, considering that the health emergency does not yet allow such celebrations.
On the afternoon of September 15, access to the Zócalo, where the president Andrés Manuel López Obrador will give the Cry, which will be broadcast on TV and the internet.
Excelsior had access to details of the event, which includes a map of the country based on LED lights. Around the flagpole, 78 soldiers with red flares will be deployed to form the shape of a torch.
A cauldron with a flame five meters in diameter and two meters high will be set up in a space that does not endanger the Monumental Flag. There will be fireworks after the ceremony.
It is intended that people do not approach public squares, that we celebrate the Grito from home, that we commemorate it, ”said the head of Government, Claudia Sheinbaum.
COVID LEAVES THE SCREAM WITHOUT PEOPLE
The covid-19 pandemic will change the celebration of Cry of Independence which, for 172 years was carried out with festivals that attracted hundreds of people.
This year, on September 15, pedestrian access to the Zócalo was canceled, confirmed the Government of Mexico City since, if any massive event takes place, the capital runs the risk of increasing its contagion of coronavirus and returning to the red traffic light, stopping all the activities.
However, the president Andrés Manuel López Obrador Yes, it will carry out the ceremony of the Cry of Independence that will be broadcast on television.
The Zócalo will be the only face-to-face act that takes place in the capital of the country, after the capital government canceled all the celebrations in the mayors.
On July 30, the President confirmed in his morning press conference that he will give the Cry of Independence from the Central Balcony of the National Palace; He announced that there would be about 500 people in the plaza with torches, although that option has changed after negotiations with the government of the capital.
The details of the celebration to which he had access Excelsior point out that when going out to the Presidential Balcony, López Obrador observed in the plaza a map of the Mexican Republic drawn up with led lights. In the center, around the monumental flagpole, 78 soldiers will be deployed with railroad flares with red light, with which they will form the figure of a torch called De la Libertad.
In addition, a cauldron with a flame five meters in diameter and two meters high will be set up in a space that does not put the Monumental Flag at risk.
In addition, it will be the only place in the city where the use of Fireworks after the Scream ceremony.
According to the Head of Government, Claudia Sheinbaum, the decision to close the pedestrian access to the Zócalo responds to the fact that “it is intended that people do not approach public squares (…) They are guiding them not to go.”
In the Military Parade, which will be at 10:00 am, the participants will enter through Pino Suárez, they will go around the Plaza de la Constitución and will leave on May 5.
Access to the Zócalo will be restricted by three filters made up of metal fences that will work from 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday to 2:00 p.m. on Wednesday, after Military Parade.
The first fence will be between Donceles, Correo Mayor Venustiano Carranza and Palma and pedestrian access will not be allowed throughout the day; It will be guarded by elements of the Army.
The second fence will be delimited by Uruguay, Bolívar, Belisario Domínguez, and Jesús María, and only pedestrian access will be allowed until 6:00 p.m. Here they will monitor elements of the Secretariat of Citizen Security.
The external perimeter will be in the polygon of Eje Central, Eje 1 Norte, Ring of Circunvalación and Izazaga, where during the day there will be pedestrian but not vehicular access.
In addition, the Metro Metro station will close on September 15 at 4:00 p.m. and will reopen at 2:00 p.m. on 16. There will also be closures in Allende and Bellas Artes.
208 YEARS TRADITION
The first time the ceremony of the Cry of Independence It was on September 16, 1812, in Huichapan, Hidalgo, when Ignacio López Rayón remembered the cry in the company of Andrés Quintana Roo and included artillery salvoes, a parade, a mass and a serenade.
In their Feelings of the Nation, José María Morelos raised the date as a national holiday, a proposal that was ratified by the Constitution of Apatzingán in 1814 and later ratified in the Constituent Congresses of independent Mexico.
The first year that the Grito was officially celebrated in the National Palace was in 1824, with Guadalupe Victoria.
In 1825 the City Council called to publicly celebrate the party illuminating “their houses, windows and balconies with curtains, streamers and pennants”; that year a popular festival was held, there was music and fireworks.
The festival became a custom where the civic ceremony, religious festival, popular festival and military exhibition were combined, which was only interrupted in 1847 during the United States military intervention in Mexico.
Even Maximiliano de Habsburgo made official and participated in the Scream ceremony, and Porfirio Díaz changed the date to September 15, which remains to this day.
WITHOUT VERBENA IN THE 16 MAYOR
For the first time since 1847, in Mexico City there will be no festivals for the celebration of the Cry of Independence on September 15, announced the head of government, Claudia Sheinbaum.
At a press conference together with the mayor of Miguel Hidalgo, Víctor Hugo Romo, it was said that the Local Government Secretariat and the incumbents of the 16 mayors agreed not to develop the popular festivities, dances, mass ceremonies of the Scream and the fireworks on the night of September 15, considering that the pandemic due to covid-19 does not allow such massive celebrations.
We made the agreement that it should be virtual, that the public squares should not be occupied, that there would be no crowds and the 16 mayors and mayors accepted that recommendation from the City Government, ”explained Romo.
The Head of Government insisted that the pandemic is still active and therefore it is imperative not to allow crowds such as those that are held during the Independence Day celebrations.
Through a statement, the Government Secretariat, led by José Alfonso Suárez del Real, pointed out that this decision is due to the diagnosis of the health authorities “because if there were collective infections, Mexico City would return to the Red Epidemiological Traffic Light and for 14 days people would have to stay at home, which would affect the economic reactivation ”, it was explained.
The amenities that each mayor’s office will have and the virtual celebrations will begin at 10:00 p.m. to avoid overlapping with the President’s.
Graphics: Erick Zepeda
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