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47 human trafficking groups expolized in Mexico


MEXICO CITY.

In Mexico, there is a registry of 47 criminal groups dedicated to human trafficking at the national and international level, of which seven have sought various strategies to market their underage victims through the web.

Despite the various operations implemented by the National Guard (GN), the Attorney General’s Office (FGR) and the Financial Intelligence Unit (UIF), in coordination with security agencies from the United States and Europe, criminal groups, in their Most of them are made up of complete families such as Camarones, Carreto Valencia, Tenancingo, Vaqueros, Cántaros, Lira Rojas and Rojas Romero, originally from the municipality of San Miguel Tenancingo, Tlaxcala, continue to generate millionaire profits with the crime of human trafficking .

According to the FIU, the crime of human trafficking generates illicit profits of more than 150 billion dollars in the world and 12 billion dollars in Latin America, including Mexico, where accounts with more than 800 million have been frozen. pesos to a single family of human traffickers.

The economic power of criminal groups is enough for them to hire system engineers to create various web pages, such as barriomerced.chatango.com, laschambeadorasPdorras, sexomexico to offer sexual services to its victims, who have to pay an extra 1,500 pesos to the quota of 5,000 pesos that they demand per day, otherwise they are beaten, according to testimonies.

Image Group He managed to contact Yésica through these pages, who at 17 is sexually exploited from 8 a.m. to 3 a.m. the next day in the Calzada de Tlalpan area and La Merced neighborhood, who is forced to prostitution daily to cover the quota that they demand of 6,500 pesos, including the collection of 1,500 pesos for the promotion of his person on the web pages.

“I am a prostitute and now my pimp has a chat page and there he tells me that I have to do my service and I also have to give him 1,500, if he doesn’t hit me with what he finds, because if not, he almost kills me and with what I find hits me.

Originally from the town of La Estancia, in the municipality of Actopan, Hidalgo, Yésica with white skin and a thin physique, does not dress anything provocative to avoid attracting attention. It constantly changes meeting points, either in the stations of Line 2 of the Metro Collective Transport System or Circunvalación avenue in the area from Candelaria to San Pablo.

The contact is with a key that the lion gives to the clients, a key that changes daily, sometimes it is “What color are your eyes” or “Do you want water”.

These chat pages, some lions like The Cabins and Cabins, recognized in Tenancingo, Tlaxcala, pose as clients, just to “watch over” possible infiltrators or to exchange messages with other pimps.

Among the messages are threats and ridicule against various activists against Human Trafficking, such as the president of Unidos vs Try, Rosi Orozco.

When asked about the existence of these web pages, the activist against human trafficking pointed out that these organizations are protected by some authority

“In this chat you can read how they make fun of the authorities, because they say there are complaints, but they are making fun of it and are blatantly talking about their old women with extremely violent language against women and even making fun of those of us who fight against human trafficking It’s really cheeky and it shows that they definitely have a type of protection ”.

In Mexico, there are a number of 260 thousand girls and boys exploited through forced begging, forced labor and sexual exploitation. Only in 16 municipalities of Tlaxcala have a total of 154 complaints of women victims of human trafficking been registered between 2011 and 2018, of which 144 are of legal age and 10 are minors.

Juan Martín Pérez García, director of the organization La Red por los Derechos de la Infancia (Redim), highlighted the serious case of girls, boys and young people disappeared by organized crime in the country, which to this day has a figure of 17 thousand missing.

“We are convinced that, from disappeared childhood, particularly adolescent women who right now at the cut of last September 21, gives us more than 17 thousand disappeared girls, boys and adolescents, the vast majority female adolescents from 14 to 17 years old. old; clearly the hand of organized crime is seen and precisely with a high risk of being a victim of sexual slavery ”.

According to the 2019 U.S. Trafficking in Persons Report, Mexican authorities initiated 112 federal investigations and 304 state investigations in 2018, compared to 127 federal investigations and 298 state investigations in 2017, 188 federal investigations, and 288 state investigations in 2016. and 250 federal and 415 state investigations for trafficking in 2015.

Authorities took legal action against 510 people in federal and state cases in 2018 compared to 609 people in federal and state cases in 2017, 479 in 2016 and 578 in 2015.

Authorities convicted 60 traffickers involved in 25 federal and 35 state cases, compared to 95 traffickers involved in 40 federal and state cases in 2017, 228 traffickers involved in 127 federal and state cases in 2016, and 86 traffickers involved in 36 federal and state cases. in 2015.

The government reported sentences ranging from five years to 32 years in prison, with an average incarceration term of 10.5 years. Notable cases included the arrest of eleven suspected traffickers and the identification of 60 indigenous women and children in forced labor in a street begging operation in the state of Oaxaca; the arrest of an alleged trafficker and police officer and the identification of 17 victims from Venezuela, Colombia and Paraguay exploited in sex trafficking through an online sexual service provider; and the sentence of a trafficker for slavery and forced labor on the street to 33 years, eight months and 29 days in prison, a fine of 438,000 pesos and restitution to the victim of 70,000 pesos.

Did you know…?

According to the United Nations, human trafficking is used in sexual exploitation, forced labor, forced begging, forced marriage; to sell children and as child soldiers, as well as to harvest organs.

Women represent 49% and girls 23% of all victims of trafficking.

Sexual exploitation is the most common form of exploitation (59%), followed by forced labor (34%).

Most of the victims of trafficking are affected within the borders of their countries.

Victims of trafficking abroad move to richer countries to carry out the crime.

Only 8 states have a shelter

In the country, there are only eight entities that have a safe haven to rescue victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation, where currently 82 people of both sexes are treated, from minors to adults, reported Rosi Orozco.

The activist, in charge of the Unidos vs Trata movement, explained that there are agreements with other entities to rescue the victims, but there are no spaces for their protection.

“In the book Blank sheet This ‘tratometer’ comes, as we call it, where Baja California, Colima, Mexico City, Chiapas, the State of Mexico, Puebla, Oaxaca and Tlaxcala have refuge.

“The most important thing that happens in Mexico is that they are given long-term care, that does not happen in other countries, there are first-world countries that are only going to help them for a year and that is very serious, because we leave them at the mercy of the traffickers, ”said the activist.

According to figures from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP), the number of complaints for the crime of trafficking in persons increased 39.7 percent between 2018 and 2019.

In its report on Criminal Incidence of the Common Jurisdiction, it was detailed that in 2018 387 cases of this illegal conduct were reported, a figure that increased to 541 cases reported for the following year.

In the current 2020, according to the SESNSP report, until last August 30, a total of 348 investigation folders for the crime of trafficking had been initiated in the prosecutor’s offices and attorney’s offices throughout the country.

This September 23, International Day against Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of Women, Girls and Boys, Orozco will present the book through a webinar Blank sheet, together with the head of the Financial Intelligence Unit (UIF), Santiago Nieto Castillo.

“Where the law is applied, which is not applied in all states, we can see investigation folders, sentences, for example, the State of Mexico has 65 sentences, we are very pleased to see the operations in the states where we work “Orozco commented.

An analysis carried out by Unidos vs Trata indicated that between 2012 and 2017 the courts of Justice in the country handed down approximately one thousand convictions against those responsible for this conduct.

Orozco commented that in this federal administration there is a true commitment to combat this crime, mainly from the FIU.

Pending, status of accused of trafficking

The case of the four women linked to a case of trafficking in persons, minors, is being prosecuted and at the disposal of the Superior Court of Justice of the State of Chiapas, reported the Office of the Attorney General of the entity.

This alleged case of child exploitation was detected by the agency during the investigations into the disappearance of the minor Dylan Esau, who was stolen in a market in San Cristóbal de las Casas.

The minor was rescued in the municipality of Cintapala, and handed over to his mother once his identity was confirmed, on August 13, after he had been missing for 44 days.

During the investigations, the State Prosecutor’s Office detected the case of a property where 23 minors of different ages were found and it was suspected that it was possible child exploitation.

Despite the fact that civil organizations have denounced that it is a complete family, Juana Montejo González, María Hortensia Gómez Sánchez and Maribel Gómez Santiz remain detained in this case at the Social Reintegration Center number 14, El Amate.

For her part, Josefa Sánchez Gómez is being held in the Social Reintegration Center number 5, in San Cristóbal de las Casas.

On September 9, the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH) issued precautionary measures to safeguard the physical and psychological integrity of the four indigenous women.

The document was addressed to the governor, Rutilio Escandón Cadenas; the attorney general, Jorge Luis Llaven Abarca, and the Secretary of Public Safety and Protection.

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