A philosopher who drew, a disenchanted with room for hope, a protestor who allows us to see the world in a different way, a great humanist, a profound man who touched on underlying issues. So it was Joaquín Salvador Lavado Badger (1932-2020), better known as Quino, who died yesterday at the age of 88 in his native Mendoza (Argentina) due to the aftermath of “a cerebrovascular accident.”
The cartoonists José Palomo, Bernardo Fernández Bef, Helioflores and Rafael Barajas, The Snoop, define the South American comedian, the creator of the iconic Mafalda, as a wise man of the everyday and recognize his influence on the work of different generations of Latin American graphic artists.
Thank you, teacher ”was the most repeated phrase yesterday on the social networks Facebook and Twitter, both by artists and by readers who continued to rediscover Mafalda, the wise and responsive six-year-old girl, who hates soup and cannot stand injustice, war, violence or racism, whose ideas are still valid despite the fact that Quino developed these stories between 1964 and 1973.
Five great cartoonists met in Madrid, Spain, in 1992: Quino (+), Mordillo (+), Giraldo, Aragonés and Palomo.
The province of Mendoza decreed mourning for his death; But, due to sanitary restrictions due to the pandemic, no official tributes will be held. A sculpture of Mafalda and her companions honors him in the San Telmo neighborhood of Buenos Aires, where several people came to lay bouquets of flowers.
The P award booksPrince of Asturias for Communication and Humanities 2014reported Penguin Random House, the group to which the Lumen label belongs, which publishes its work in Mexico and Spain, they have sold more than 20 million copies worldwide and have been translated into at least 26 languages.
Quino had no children; He was married since 1960 to Alicia Colombo, who died in 2017. And it seems that, to leave, he waited for his Mafalda to turn 56 last Tuesday, as the first strip appeared in the magazine Front page on September 29, 1964.
He is terribly hopeless, disenchanted, but at the same time there is always a ray, a hint of hope in Quino’s work. That makes it very bright, “he says in an interview. Bef.
In Excelsior, the Sunday edition of the cartoon section of January 3, 1988; together, the newspaper of Monday, January 4.
He thinks that the cartoonist had two specific themes as an infinite source of ideas. “Human stupidity and pettiness, through all its forms, envy, greed, vanity, lust. His humor is quite black, but in the end there is a great love for humanity, that seems very valuable to me ”.
He adds that Mafalda is still in force because it is a wise work. “It is a repository of wisdom. The strip has worked for me like the psalms to religious people. You go to it and find deep reflections and lucidity, with the charm of being in a humorous mood. It is unrepeatable, because it was born at a specific moment, perhaps the last one in which it was believed that the world could be better ”.
He says that Quino’s resignation to Mafalda’s success speaks of his integrity. “He could have done it 50 more years, but decides to quit because he discovers that sticking with these characters would limit him creatively. He explored roads and that is why his work is not forgotten ”.
Validity and simplicity
For Palomo, Quino’s humor “has a rebellious background that allows us to see the world in a different way, in a simpler way and with a language that reaches any reader.”
He adds that the author of Do not yell at me Y Pocket men “He belongs to a generation of Argentine cartoonists with great depth of analysis and the themes that Mafalda touches have not disappeared. This character analyzes through his ironic reflections capitalism, the economy, the world order, the middle class ”.
The Chilean cartoonist explains that the validity of Quino’s humor was reflected, especially, in the military dictatorship of Chile, where his work was banned. “It is important to reissue it all for the knowledge of the new generations. The political, economic and social problems remain the same ”.
Helioflores, meanwhile, highlights that Quino was a great humorist. “Besides, humanist, which is not so common anymore. His characters are all endearing. In most of the insurance houses there is a small Mafalda. One of the great merits of his characters is that they had to do with us ”.
He considers that “the wise answers that Mafalda always gave were very important. Thinking about today’s world, with violence, injustice, protests, arrogant governments, the texts and messages of her cartoons transmitted humanism. He reminded us how to act like human beings ”, says who knew him in Havana in the 80s.
Finally, El Fisgón points out that the author of People on your site Y Human is born he was a deep man. “All his jokes touched on underlying themes. His drawings were intelligent, they forced you to reflect. That’s what a great journalist does ”.
The researcher, who is also a researcher, points out that Mafalda “is profound, she touches on vital issues, that is why what she says is valid. It does not overshadow his work, but rather power. Everything that Quino did nourished and strengthened his work, since it started from the same head. The reflections that you see in Mafalda are also found in their cartoons ”.
And highlights the great diffusion that Excelsior He did the work of Quino for several years, as his strips appeared every Sunday in El Periódico de la Vida Nacional, where Mexicans searched for them. “The body of his work is consistent. It has not stopped being edited. He is one of those cartoonists who deserves a serious essay on his work. “
Argentine editor Daniel Divinsky concluded. “Quino died. All the good people in the country and in the world will cry for it.
QUINO: “THE CATHEDRAL”
One of the cathedrals of caricature is leaving us ”, and with it the freshness of his line that continues to be valid throughout time. This is how the cartoonist for El Heraldo de México, Juan Alarcón, expressed himself when speaking about the death of his Argentine colleague Joaquín Salvador Lavado, Quino.
In an interview with Pascal Beltrán del Río for Radio Image, Alarcón stressed that “Quino had that facility to tell stories that not only spoke of a specific moment of what was happening in Argentina, but that it remained as a generic joke and that is one of the great virtues of this great cartoonist,” he said. .
He highlighted the actuality of his characters, among them the most famous, Mafalda, and the phrase “Stop the world that I want to get off”, which are still valid, as if they had appeared today.
And he spoke of the meticulousness of the creator of Mafalda: “I learned that the drawing should speak for itself before the text; that is one of those great virtues of Quino ”, he asserted.
He highlighted the greatness of his cartoons, “outside of Mafalda, which is the most famous, his single-image cartoons are wonderful, they are a lesson in caricature. He didn’t need to say anything, only the essentials and that in caricature is the important thing ”.
Alarcón also highlighted the coincidences of life, “Yesterday was Mafalda’s anniversary and he dies at 88 (years) cabalistic, he looks a lot like (Charles M.) Schulz, the one from Charlie Brown, who dies just when the last strip of his characters.
-From the Editorial Office
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