The Superior Audit of the Federation indicated in its results of the Audit of the Public Account 2019 that in the Ministry of Culture there are irregularities with respect to the management, distribution and verification of resources destined for the reconstruction of buildings damaged by the earthquakes of 7 of 19 September 2017.
The ASF audited the Ministry of Culture, the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) and the National Institute of Fine Arts and Literature (INBAL), and in the three organizations indicated that there is limited progress, lack of adequate protocols, inconsistencies in the inventory of damages and lack of control in the resources exercised.
Given these inconsistencies, the ASF issued 58 recommendations for Performance: 21 at the Ministry of Culture, 20 at the INAH and 17 at the INBAL; Likewise, different notices were issued to request the intervention of the Internal Control Body and the collection authorities for 12 detected irregularities.
In the Audit of the Ministry of Culture, the ASF pointed out that due to the little progress in 2019, the reconstruction of the heritage affected by the 2017 earthquakes will be 12 years and not 5, as was scheduled.
“Although in 2019, the Secretariat identified 1,137 affected cultural assets that did not have resources for their recovery, it did not establish annual and medium-term goals for their care, nor their link with economic resources; at the end of the year it reported attending to 206 assets (18.1% of the total), of which it was verified as subsequent events that, as of August 2020, the work was reported as completed in 101 (8.9%). The above denotes that 12 years must elapse before the reconstruction is completed of the damaged cultural infrastructure, and not the 5 years indicated in the programmatic structure of the Expenditure Budget, “he indicated.
The Audit also pointed out that in 2019, in the programming of care actions, the Ministry of Culture did not accredit that “the applicants for the support met the requirements”, because of the 669 applications it received, only “8.1% ( 54) was registered with compliance, so 91.9% (615) lacked one or more of these, in addition to the fact that the records provided did not allow viewing the attention to all the points established in the specific guidelines and in the call published by the secretariat, even with these deficiencies, the requests were sent to the Judging Commission, which issued an opinion in 430 of 669, and of these 206 were viable to receive support “.
The audit included the 42 agreements that the Ministry of Culture reported for the care of the 206 affected assets; however, it only sent the documentary support of 41 referring to 175 assets.
The Ministry of Culture was also pointed out because of the 2 thousand 340 properties affected, for 2019 there were 1,137 cultural assets pending to attend, but “with the records provided by the agency it was identified that 206 benefited in that year, which represented a marginal coverage of 18.1% “.
Of these 206 assets, the ASF identified that in 101 their actions concluded during 2020; “However, 21 (20.8%) of the 101 did not certify that they had the complete work file, in 42 (41.6%) although they evidenced the delivery certificate, they did not have all the autograph signatures of those involved that evidenced its correctness elaboration and in 99 (98.0%) it did not document the support of the information integrated in the monitoring and resource verification formats “.
In the case of the INAH audit, the ASF said that although the Institute reported “the expenditure of 117 million 566 thousand pesos for the execution of 134 interventions in 2019, it did not demonstrate the documentary evidence of that fact, nor of its supervision, for which lacked evidence to show that it consolidated, restructured or rebuilt those buildings, in order to preserve their characteristics and heritage values. The foregoing, denoted weaknesses and deficiencies of the institute to act after a natural disaster and influence care of the affected cultural property, within the scope of its competence, so that the population can once again access its enjoyment “.
With respect to INBAL, the ASF indicated that “it did not assess the damage to artistic property by the 2017 earthquakes and lacked a census of affectations, therefore it did not carry out the procedures for its attention in accordance with the protocols established in the regulations applicable to the Comprehensive Risk Management; consequently, three years after the earthquakes, the institute did not accredit progress in the care of damaged artistic assets, since, as subsequent events, it was verified that as of August 2020 the request for resources was not managed before the Fonden to the detriment of the affected monuments. If the deficiencies are not corrected, the risk of not preserving the characteristics and patrimonial values of the artistic assets damaged by future natural disasters may be realized. “