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Cartels in Mexico, pending SSPC

If the Secretary of Security and Citizen Protection (SSPC) accepts, Rosa Icela Rodríguez Velázquez will be the first woman in command of the security strategy in Mexico that will have to face the challenges of the Jalisco Nueva Generación (CJNG) and Sinaloa cartels, both organizations with national and international scope.

But other regional groups are also on the list, such as Santa Rosa de Lima, in Guanajuato; Cartel del Noreste, in Tamaulipas; Los Viagras, Michoacán; Los Rojos y Guerreros Unidos, Guerrero; Zetas Vieja Escuela, Tamaulipas; Nuevo Cartel de Juárez, Chihuahua, among others, who dispute territorial control for drug trafficking, kidnapping and extortion, which has increased violence throughout the national territory.


In Guanajuato, the war between the CJNG and the Santa Rosa de Lima Cartel keeps the state in first place in intentional homicides, in absolute numbers, despite the arrest in August of this year of José Antonio Yépez Ortiz, “El Marro”.

The clashes between the CJNG and Los Viagras for control of Tierra Caliente, Michoacán do not stop and already place the entity in the first places of murders, according to the statistics of the National Public Security System.

In Tamaulipas, the Northeast Cartel, Los Zetas Vieja Escuela and the Gulf Cartel, in alliance with various cells, continue to challenge the Army in the so-called small border.

Meanwhile, the sons of “El Chapo” Guzmán, who is serving a life sentence in the United States, fight with the faction of Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada, for the total leadership of the Sinaloa Cartel.


Reducing homicidal violence that is stagnant at high levels is another great challenge in terms of security that Rosa Icela Rodríguez will have to assume.

The director of the National Citizen Observatory (ONC), Francisco Rivas Rodríguez, pointed out that intentional homicide reached its maximum expression this year, which will be the most violent since it has been recorded.

So far this federal administration has registered 65 thousand 580 victims of intentional homicide and femicide in the country, which represents an increase of 10.6% when compared to the same period of the last stretch of government of Peña Nieto, in the that 59,112 murders were counted, according to the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System.

Rivas Rodríguez considered that Rosa Icela Rodríguez does not have the profile to occupy the security secretariat, since it requires a person who has been trained in security areas, to help improve conditions in the country.

In contrast, security expert Alejandro Hope does not think it is a bad appointment, since, he said, it is a civilian and not a military one, thereby ruling out the possibility that the president would totally hand over the management of security to the military .

Hope pointed out that Rosa Icela Rodríguez has experience in the sector, because she was the coordinator of the security cabinet when López Obrador was head of government.