Walk without fear. At the beginning of the year, the local government inaugurated the Safe Path in Miguel Ángel de Quevedo, in which it installed lighting, video surveillance cameras and panic buttons.
One out of every two trips made in the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico (ZMVM) is made by women, according to the Survey of Origin-Destination (EOD) in Households of the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) of 2017 However, mobility is not designed to make women feel safe and comfortable in each transfer.
To counteract the phenomenon, in 2017, at the International Transport Forum in Lepizig, Germany, the Women Movilice Women forum was convened, where a group of Latin American women in leadership positions met account that, in their countries, they faced challenges to promote a general agenda and mobility with a gender perspective.
“We faced political gender violence and we needed a support network,” he told Excelsior Daniela Chacón, former Deputy Mayor for the Metropolitan Council of Quito, Ecuador.
At that time, Chachón and women from Mexico, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, and Spain created Mujeres en Movimiento, an organization whose urgent objective is to promote the development of better transportation infrastructure that meets their needs. as well as building safe and harassment-free spaces.
“Transportation routes and mobility policies were not designed with the needs of women in mind and this situation that must change,” said Laura Ballesteros, Global Secretary of Women in Movement and former Undersecretary of Planning of the Ministry of Mobility in the City from Mexico.
Ballesteros criticized that despite the fact that 65 percent of the trips that women make in the ZMVM are by public transport or on foot, there is no sustainable and safe infrastructure.
“Women make between four or five trips a day, while men make two on average. That is why they have to create more illuminated, passable roads, wide sidewalks with safe intersections, with benches, spaces to rest, with panic buttons and cameras, as well as more bicycle lanes ”, he explained.
In the capital, Ballesteros promoted the local Mobility Law, which recognizes mobility as a right and established pedestrians as a priority. As Undersecretary of Mobility, she applied the law through public policies specialized in non-motorized mobility.
During (2017-2018) the management of Paola Tapia (another member of Mujeres en Movimiento) as Minister of Transport and Telecommunications of Chile, the number of public transport operators in that country was increased to 18 thousand since this is another strategy to achieve equity, he said.
“We almost reached 4% of the total number of drivers. We gave public transportation a different face, since according to studies by the Inter-American Development Bank, a woman feels safer if the driver is another woman: they consider that they drive better and the attention is warmer. This is also thought by men ”, explained Tapia.
It also promoted night bus services with fixed schedules in passing.
For her part, Daniela Chacón established the Cuéntame strategy in Quito when she was on the Metropolitan Council in 2014.
The idea came up at a working table with the mayor when, when discussing security, she recounted one of the harassment experiences that impacted her the most.
“The officials were shocked, because they did not measure the magnitude of this problem,” he said.
The project consisted of placing booths with personnel trained by UN Women to provide emotional support to women who have just been harassed; they also provided legal support to those who wanted to file a criminal complaint.
The important thing is that his program is maintained, now under the name of Lower Harassment and complaints can be made in SMS or through an application.
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