Although crime in general decreased by 4.4% in the territory of the Service de police de l’Aglomération de Longueuil (SPAL) in 2019, the 4,003 crimes against persons that occurred last year constitute an increase of 3.9. % in one year and 7.8% on the average of the last 5 years.
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While crimes against persons peaked in 2019, property crimes were at their lowest since 2014, down 4% from 2018 and 7.4% from the 2014 average to 2018. Only fraud continued to grow, up 7.6%.
The most significant variation recorded in 2019, however, concerns violations of the Narcotics Laws, which saw a marked decrease of 41.9% on the average of the last five years. This sharp drop is directly attributable to the legalization of cannabis, with other types of drug-related offenses remaining relatively stable.
“About 400 fewer offenses were recorded in terms of possession of cannabis in 2019, compared to the years prior to legalization,” we read in the SPAL’s Annual Activity Report. The legal age raised to 21 in Quebec since January 1 could, however, lead to a readjustment of the statistics on illegal possession of this substance this year. ”
At the other end of the spectrum, the legalization of cannabis is believed to be largely responsible for the increase in drug-impaired driving cases.
If no murders had been committed on SPAL territory in 2018, 2019 will have been marked by four homicides, three of which related to organized crime.
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Three of the victims, people known to police circles, were shot dead in public places in Brossard and Boucherville, between May and October, while the fourth died following an altercation with knives involving young people, at a party in the arr. of Saint-Hubert in May.
Sex crimes increased by 12% in 2019. In 78% of cases, the suspect was known to the victim.
“The number of reported cases is above the average for the past five years, suggesting that the shock wave caused by social movements such as #MeToo continued in 2019 and will very likely continue to encourage victims to report past and future assaults, ”says the Report.
Domestic violence also increased in 2019; 29% of all crimes against the person in the past year were committed between spouses. And even if the victims are still predominantly women (74%), denunciation among men increased by 8% between 2018 and 2019 and by 47% since 2014.
Highlights of 2019
- The Professional Development Program – Immersion enabled thirty police officers to immerse themselves, for five weeks, in various communities, in contact with various populations at risk of marginalization and to experience their realities intimately.
- More than $ 25,000 was raised during a benefit concert organized in June by the SPAL, in collaboration with the Orchester symphonique de Longueuil (OSDL) and the City of Longueuil, in order to fight against sexual exploitation.
- The SPAL and the Institut du Nouveau Monde (INM) launched a public dialogue in 2019 to improve the quality of life of the population of the agglomeration of Longueuil. Residents were asked to share their opinion on the services offered by the SPAL through an online questionnaire and on 10 discussion forums organized throughout the territory.
- The establishment of the Integrated Intervention and Support Team for Sexual Exploitation Victims was formalized in January with the award of a grant of more than $ 850,000 over 5 years from the Ministry of Public Security.
- Captain Jacynthe Desmarais represented the SPAL in Haiti during a mission which took place from March 20 to December 22.
- SPAL celebrated the 5th anniversary of its collaboration with the Canadian Organ and Tissue Donation Association (CADO). Since 2014, the 83 SPAL police officers volunteering for ACDO have carried out no less than 140 transport of organs, blood or medical teams and have thus helped to save many lives.
- SPAL and its director Fady Dagher were the subject of the documentary Resistance: the police facing the wall by director Charles Gervais.
Interventions in 2019
- 135,355 calling cards completed by the 911 center, 65% of which required intervention.
- 69% of interventions are not related to a criminal offense; 23% are cases of assistance to the public.
- 7711 addresses visited for public assistance cases; for 31% of these places, at least 5 interventions were carried out.
- 134 assistance interventions took place at the Longueuil – Université-de-Sherbrooke metro station; an analysis carried out in April 2019 made it possible to identify the social and criminal problems experienced in this location and an action plan is underway.
- 36% of interventions are related to a disorder, often related to mental health or drug addiction issues.
- 4,003 crimes against the person (+ 3.9% compared to 2018)
- 7,240 property crimes (-4%)
- 1,401 other Criminal Code offenses (+ 1%)
- 442 offenses against the Narcotics Laws (-38.2%)
- 9 offenses against other federal laws (+ 125%)
- 217 provincial law offenses (-12.3%)
- 262 municipal bylaw violations (-1.9%)
- 2,076 traffic offenses (-11.7%)
Crimes against the person
- 4 homicides (none in 2018)
- 4 attempted murders (-66.7% compared to 2018)
- 437 sex crimes (+ 11.8%)
- 2,291 assault (+ 3.4%)
- 200 robberies (+ 27.4%)
- 146 cases of criminal harassment (+ 4.3%)
- 706 cases of threats (+ 3.2%)
- 40 cases of bullying (-48.1%)
Crimes against property
- 54 fires (-33.3% compared to 2018)
- 1,209 break-ins (-21.4%)
- 483 vehicle thefts (-6%)
- 2,938 thefts of $ 5,000 or less (-0.5%)
- 1,593 cases of fraud (+ 7.6%)
- 1035 mischief (-4.3%)