One of the statements that are constantly made by México Social is that the change in the dynamics, structure and functions of families implies profound changes in the structures and dynamics of society as a whole, and reveal the configuration of new trends in the labor market, in the distribution of domestic work, in the political participation of women and in new forms of parenting.
Therefore, it is important to highlight that, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi), the number of divorces has increased exponentially in recent years, as explained below.
According to the statistics on nuptiality of the Inegi, between the years 2000 and 2019 there have been one million 915 thousand 155 divorces. Of them, 1.22 million, that is, 62.5% were registered in the last 10 years, which shows the accelerated growth in the annual and accumulated number of cases.
Thus, if the figure for 2019 is compared, the last for which the institute has information, regarding the number of divorces in 2000, the increase is 205.7% between both dates, having passed from 52 thousand 358 divorces in the first year of the 21st century, to 160,107 in 2019.
It is important to note that in the aforementioned period there has not been a single year in which the number of divorces did not increase, in such a way that, if the trend of the last 20 years continues, and also considering factors such as the pandemic, in which there is a record of a probable significant increase, by 2030 an approximate figure of 264 thousand 682 divorces could be reached; and for the year 2040, a possible figure of 363 thousand 333 cases.
Increasing rate regarding marriages
From a sociological point of view, it is of great interest to observe that while the annual number of marriages shows a clear decreasing trend in the last two decades, the number of divorces has an accelerated inverse trend.
In effect, while in 1999 the annual record number of marriages was reached, with 743,856, that year there were 49,271 divorces; that implies a rate of 6.62 separations for every 100 marriages. For the year 2005, the number of marriages decreased to 595 thousand 713 cases, while the number of divorces rose to 70 thousand 184; which implies a rate of 11.78 for every 100 marriages.
For the year 2010, the number of marriages registered a further decrease, reaching 568 thousand 632 cases, while the number of divorces grew to 86 thousand 42, figures equivalent to a rate of 15.13 divorces for every 100 marriages. In the same logic, in 2015 the marriage registry amounted to 558 thousand 22, while the number of divorces rose to 123 thousand 883, data that implies a rate of 22.20 divorces for every 100 marriages.
For the year 2019, the number of marriages was 504 thousand 923 and, that of divorces, of the 160 thousand 107 already mentioned. So, for this year, the rate is 31.7 divorces for every 100 marriages.
If trends continue, by 2030 the rate could be 62.22 divorces for every 100 marriages; and by 2040, 97 divorces for every 100 unions.
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