What began as a pressure mechanism from a dissident group of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) to achieve equal recognition of its divorced fraction from the elected leadership in Michoacán, is today the main reason for friction between the national business class and the federal government.
While the national anger reached its limit, the hijacking of the railroad structure completed 44 consecutive days yesterday. The direct and indirect losses due to the political-inter-union conflict are quantified at more than 20 billion pesos at the national level and the complaints are accumulating.
The internal dispute of the CNTE has become contaminated to such a degree that today they also accuse the intervention of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN); there are voices, even from the teachers, who affirm that those who are stationed on the roads are no longer teachers and that the problem lost its origin.
The blockade has collapsed service from the Michoacan port of Lázaro Cárdenas to beyond Mexican borders.
To exemplify the effects, the railway movement, which starts from the route to Lázaro Cárdenas, is 12 trains a day, each train is equivalent to 300 loaded trailers, resulting in 151,200 trailers in 42 days of blockades.
However, stopping using the train tracks for the transit of goods and products is not an option: there are 3,600 trailers that would have to circulate a day and that means ending the road network used, in addition to time, money and effort.
In addition to the above, according to businessmen, the instability caused by the blockades affects the country’s ability to generate new investments.
ELECTORAL POLITICAL INTERESTS, BEHIND THE TAKES
Regarding the blockade, the position of the state government focuses on the fact that it is a federal crime and, therefore, “the corresponding authority cannot be ignored, it must act accordingly because the law exists and there are already many complaints” warned Governor Silvano Aureoles Conejo.
The Michoacan president indicated that, in one of his visits to the country’s capital, he had the opportunity to raise the problem with the head of the SEP, Esteban Moctezuma, and the Secretary of the Interior, Olga Sánchez; The latter “told us that he would soon summon us and we are waiting for those who have the legal authority to summon to do so.”
Aureoles Conejo is another of the voices that accuses an inter-union conflict as the origin of the blockade, one already very contaminated, where “many of those who are there are not teachers.” He also said that “it is unacceptable that a small group that represents very personal, private or very small group interests, hijacks the autonomy of Michoacán and Mexico.
“The dissidents of the CNTE, Power of Base and other groups began, who want to be recognized as CNTE and sit down to negotiate with the President (…) also, there are electoral interests, there are people with interests related to some party, and what I commented with the federal authorities and if it is necessary that I make it public, I will do it, “he said.
CASIMIRO MÉNDEZ AND CRISTÓBAL ARIAS, FINANCE BLOCKS, accuses the CNTE
For his part, Gamaliel Guzmán Cruz, leader of the CNTE in Michoacán, exhibited, in turn, the politicians who, he says, are manipulating the blockades. Two senators have been denounced, he said: Casimiro Méndez and Cristóbal Arias, “who have openly supported the blockade.”
As proof of what he affirmed, Guzmán Cruz recalled that when the CNTE filed a complaint against the dissidents for acts of violence “they were arrested, hitting colleagues, and after a few hours they left because those characters intervened.”
He showed that both senators sponsor the Grassroots Power movement on the railroads. “We also know that there are economic resources that, from that part, have been allocated for the mobility of these people.”
The centista leader once again ignored the groups that maintain the blockades in the federal way, whose actions affect the negotiations of the CNTE with the federal and state governments to finalize the federalization of the payroll and the compensation of seven pending payments, salaries and other benefits without covering the state teaching.
COMPANIES ABANDON PASS THROUGH MICHOACÁN
With no quick solution in sight, with billions in losses, national and international money order companies have already taken the first steps to migrate to other points from where they can continue transporting their products and merchandise.
Despite the fact that Michoacán represents great advantages for them due to its infrastructure in the port of Lázaro Cárdenas, its logistics position and because the service is cheaper and closer, faced with the risk of continuing to be stranded by blockades, they have chosen to use ports, such as that of Manzanillo, in Colima and Long Beach, in the United States.
This was confirmed by Carlos Enríquez, president of the Association of Industrialists of Michoacán (Aiemac), in Michoacán, who justified that “there is nothing more expensive than being stuck on the coast or in the mountains.”
The president of the industrialists in Michoacán explained that the companies, whose products arrive by sea at the port, must plan these trips up to 40 days in advance, which is no longer possible due to blockades.
Businessmen have not only been affected by the seizures and the lack of response from the Federation; Also, they suffered the problem that prevails in the port of Lázaro Cárdenas due to the conflict between the municipal government and the steelmaker Arcelor Mittal, which, for the second time, closes one of its areas, putting thousands of jobs at risk as the company is that generates 80 percent of the economy in the region.
THE COMPLAINT TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BY OMISSION
A few days ago, 17 chambers and business and civil society organizations appeared before the Internal Control Body of the Attorney General’s Office (FGR) and filed a complaint against whoever is responsible and for the crimes that may arise. , after none of the 53 complaints that have been presented to the FGR itself have been addressed and resolved.
In a document signed by the leaders and representatives of the various chambers, organizations and groups of organized civil society, such as Canacintra, AIEMAC, Fucidim, Coparmex, de la Industria de la Construcción and others, business men and women show how Despite following the protocols that are required of them every time there is a seizure of this type, such as filing a complaint with the FGR because it is a federal route, their cases have not been addressed.
The omission is also corruption, warned Abelardo Pérez Estrada, leader of the National Chamber of the Transformation Industry (Canacintra). The truth, he said, is that in this conflict there are no pretexts for not applying the law. “Today there are blockades, they are done in flagrante delicto, there are lost raw materials, there are contract losses, payment of penalties that we have had to do and they do nothing.”
In its capacity as the main concessionaire of rail transport, Kansas City Southern has filed 53 complaints this year (only out of 52 opened investigation folders); the first, on January 23, due to blockades in the section near the Tiripetío estate, Morelia. The company has reported blockages throughout the year, in Tiripetío, Caltzontzin, La Vinata, Pátzcuaro, Morelia, Nueva Italia, Huecorio and Lagunillas.
To date, the protesters maintain blockades in the sections of the Caltzontzin indigenous community, in Uruapan, which is the oldest of all, with 44 accumulated days; a second in Morelia, who turned 32 days; another in Pátzcuaro, with 22 days and an intermittent in Nueva Italia.
There are 36 trains and 24 locomotives stranded, with direct damage to the track due to fires caused by bonfires and burning tires.
The economic impacts continue to accumulate, with additional expenses due to changes in logistics, losses due to detained material, inputs that do not reach the production chain and a general impact on the import and export of merchandise.
In the port of Lázaro Cárdenas, intermodal transport registers 4 thousand 937 affected containers; 1,215 vehicles loaded and unable to move. There are another 2,205 units that changed mode from train to truck, which generates an extra cost to production.
PRODUCTIVE SECTORS, WITH COLLATERAL DIRECT DAMAGES
The Association of Industrialists of Michoacán reported direct and collateral damage to the Steel Industry, where there is a risk of stopping furnaces in the north of the country (technical strike) due to the lack of inputs for production; Additionally, there is an impact on manufacturing and construction companies.
The Port of Lázaro Cárdenas is the door for the import and export of automobiles and auto parts; there are thousands of containers of national and international shipping companies, stranded; Pemex reports a risk in the fuel refining production process at the Tula refinery, Hidalgo, as it is unable to move fuel oil derived from refining to the Port of Lázaro Cárdenas.
For its part, the chemical and plastics industry are also already at risk, as the import of raw materials runs out. Imported merchandise is detained with affectation to provide supplies for El Buen Fin and the holiday season in self-service and department stores.
While the dissidents affirm that their fight has to do with the payment of bonuses and accrued salaries that have not been covered, as well as the distribution of base places to normalistas of the 2019 and 2020 generations, the government reverses that the majority of the Commitments have been fulfilled and that the remaining ones “are in process.”
In addition, the call was made public for interested teachers to meet the requirements to participate in the retirement process with encouragement, which will generate the necessary places for graduates of the normal schools, and a solution will also be given to this issue.
Copyright law strictly prohibits copying all or part of Excelsior’s materials without having previously obtained written permission and without including the link to the original text.